Core questions:

  • Biological and environmental determinants of work ability across lifespan?
  • Effects of working conditions on cognition and mental health?
  • Consequences of lifestyle on brain, liver, and immune system?
  • Changes in brain functions, immune and metabolic processes with increasing age?
  • Links between depression, burn-out, mental performance and immune system?
  • Long-term consequences of COVID-19 infection on mental functions?
  • Damaging and protective factors for mental health?

Key articles

As employees age, their physical and mental abilities decline and work ability (WA) decreases, enhancing the risk for long-term sick leave or even premature retirement. However, the relative impact of biological and environmental determinants on WA with increasing age is still poorly understood in their complexity. (Gajewski et al. 2023)

Demographic changes encompass societies to maintain the work ability (WA) of aging workforces. The present study explored the relationship between modifiable lifestyle factors, cognitive functions, and their influence on WA, using a multi-group structural equation approach. (Rieker et al. 2023)

This study revealed that immune age, but not chronological age explains the variability of the age-related changes in physical fitness. This may have implications for work ability and prevention concerns in occupational health and safety practice (Bröde et al. 2022).

Speech comprehension under dynamic cocktail party conditions requires auditory search for relevant speech content and focusing spatial attention on the target talker. Here, we investigated the development of these cognitive processes accross the adult lifespan (Getzmann et al., 2023).